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Correctness

 

correctnessQabisa ibn Burma al-Asadi said,

“I was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I heard him say;

‘The people of correctness in this world are the people of correctness in the Next World. The people of the incorrect in this world are the people of the incorrect in the Next World.”

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 221]

Harmala ibn ‘Abdullah went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and stayed with him until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recognised him. He said, “When we set out, I told myself, ‘By Allah, I will go to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, so that I will have more knowledge. I went in the evening until I was in front of him. I asked, ‘What do you command me to do?’ He replied,

‘Harmala, do what is correct and avoid the incorrect.’

Then I went back to the caravan. Then I came back again until I was in my place near him. I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what do you command me to do?’ He replied,

‘Harmala, do what is correct and avoid the incorrect. Find out what you like to hear people tell you when you are with them. When you leave me, behave in that manner. Find out what you dislike for people to day to you. When you leave me, avoid that.’

When I returned, I thought that these two statements did not omit anything.”

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 222]

 

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The Amazing Quran IV

by Dr. Gary Miller

Scientific Aquran1pproach to the Qur’an

A truly scientific approach to the Qur’an is possible because the Qur’an offers something that is not offered by other religious scriptures, in particular, and other religions, in general. It is what scientists demand. Today there are many people who have ideas and theories about how the universe works. These people are all over the place, but the scientific community does not even bother to listen to them. This is because within the last century the scientific community has demanded a test of falsification. They say, “If you have theory, do not bother us with it unless you bring with that theory a way for us to prove whether you are wrong or not.”

Such a test was exactly why the scientific community listened to Einstein towards the beginning of the century. He came with a new theory and said, “I believe the universe works like this; and here are three ways to prove whether I am wrong!” So the scientific community subjected his theory to the tests, and within six years it passed all three. Of course, this does not prove that he was great, but it proves that he deserved to be listened to because he said, “This is my idea; and if you want to try to prove me wrong, do this or try that.”

This is exactly what the Qur’an has – falsification tests. Some are old (in that they have already been proven true), and some still exist today. Basically it states, “If this book is not what it claims to be, then all you have to do is this or this or this to prove that it is false.” Of course, in 1400 years no one has been able to do “This or this or this,” and thus it is still considered true and authentic.

Falsification Test

I suggest to you that the next time you get into dispute with someone about Islam and he claims that he has the truth and that you are in darkness, you leave all other arguments at first and make this suggestion. Ask him, “Is there any falsification test in your religion? Is there anything in your religion that would prove you are wrong if I could prove to you that it exists – anything?” Well, I can promise right now that people will not have anything – no test, no proof, nothing! This is because they do not carry around the idea that they should not only present what they believe but should also offer others a chance to prove they’re wrong. However, Islam does that.

A perfect example of how Islam provides man with a chance to verify it authenticity and “prove it wrong” occurs in the 4th chapter. And quiet honestly, I was very surprised when I first discovered this challenge. It states (Surah An-Nisa, 4:82):

“Do they not consider the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.”

This is a clear challenge to the non-Muslim. Basically, it invites him to find a mistake. As a matter of fact, the seriousness and difficulty of the challenge aside, the actual presentation of such a challenge in the first place is not even in human nature and is inconsistent with man’s personality. One doesn’t take an exam in school and after finishing the exam, write a note to the instructor at the end saying, “This exam is perfect. There are no mistakes in it. Find one if you can!” One just doesn’t do that. The teacher would not sleep until he found a mistake! And yet this is the way the Qur’an approaches people.

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not trait cruel as a friend or confidant, does not back up them, does not submit to them, and does not be upset about their traps.

And who are more unjust than those who prevent the name of Allah from being mentioned in His mosques and strive toward their destruction. It is not for them to enter them except in fear. For them in this world is disgrace, and they will have in the Hereafter a great punishment. [2:114 ]

Let not believers take disbelievers as allies rather than believers. And whoever [of you] does that has nothing with Allah, except when taking precaution against them in prudence. And Allah warns you of Himself, and to Allah is the [final] destination. [3:28]

O you who have believed, do not take the disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do you wish to give Allah against yourselves a clear case? [4:144]

 

 

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The Amazing Quran III

by Dr. Gary Miller

Prophet Muhammad (s) and the Quran

If one assumes that the Quran is the product of a man’s mind, then one would expect it to reflect some of what was going on in the mind of the man who “composed” it. In fact, certain encyclopedias and various books claim that the Quran was the product of hallucinations that Muhammad underwent. If these claims are true – if it indeed originated from some psychological problems in Muhammad’s mind – then evidence of this would be apparent inthe Quran. Is there such evidence? In order to determine whether or not there is, one must first identify what things would have been going on in his mind at that time and then search for these thoughts and reflections in the Quran. It is common knowledge that Muhammad (s) had a very difficult life. All of his daughters died before him except one, and he had a wife of several years who was very dear and important to him, who not only proceeded him in death but died at a very critical period of his life. As a matter of fact, she must have been quite a woman because when the first revelation came to him, he ran home to her, afraid. Certainly, even today one would have a hard time trying to find an Arab who would tell you, “I was so afraid that I ran home to my wife.”  They just aren’t that way. Yet Muhammad (s) felt comfortable enough with his wife to be able to do that. That’s how influential and strong woman she was. Although these examples are only a few of the subjects that would have been on Muhammad’s mind, they are sufficient in intensity to prove my point. The Quran does not mention any of these things – not the death of his children, not the death of his beloved companion and wife, not his fear of the initial revelations, which he so beautifullyshared with his wife – nothing; yet these topics must have hurt him, bothered him, and caused him pain and grief during periods of his life. Indeed, if the Quran was a product of his psychological reflections, then these subjects, as well as others, would be prevalent or at least mentioned throughout.

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What is Islam?

The book by J. W. Lovegrove (Habibullah)

WHAT IS ISLAM?

The nature made by Allah, in which He has made men ; there is no altering of Allah’s creation—that is the right religion.—QuR-AN, xxx. 30.

” ISLAM ” is the name given by Allah to that religion which was preached by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (on whom be eternal peace), who appeared in Arabia some thirteen hundred years ago, and it is the last of the great religions of the world. The name ” Islam” Was not invented by those who professed it. , This name is expressly given to this religion in the Holy Qur-an itself. It says : “Surely the (true) religion with Allah is Islam” (iii. 18) ; and in another place : “This day• I have perfected for you your religion, and completed my favour on you, and chosen for you Islam as a religion” (v. 3).

The word “Islam” is very significant ; it literally means “Peace” as ” Peace” is the dominant idea in the whole system. It also means submission. The third meaning is the way to peace ; and the teachings given under the name of Islam disclose all such ways as are sure to create peace in the world, if adhered to in daily life.

The follower of Islam is called a Muslim, which means peaceful, and submissive. He who has not made peace with God and his fellow-beings cannot be a Muslim.

To make peace with God is to submit to His Will and obey His Commandments. To make peace with man is to do good to others.

“The best of God’s obedient elect are those who, when seen, remind of God ; and the worst of people are those who carry tales about, to do mischief and separate friends, and seek for the defects of the righteous” (Sayings of the Prophet).

“A Muslim is he,” says the Prophet, “from whose hand no harm goes to another.” The whole idea has been covered by the following verse in the Qur-an :

Yea ! who ever submits himself entirely to Allah, and he is the doer of good to others, he has his reward from his Lord, and there is no fear for him, nor shall he grieve (xi. 112).

OBJECTS OF RELIGION

Every child comes to this world without sin in its nature. He and his God, being at peace with each other, he does not stand in need of being reconciled to an angered Deity ; and therefore needs no inter­cession or atonement. He has been given the highest capability and his progress is potentially unlimited— so we read in the Qur-an :

Certainly we created man in the best make. Then we render him the lowest of the low. Except those who believe and do good, so they shall have a reward never to be cut off (xcv. 4, 5, 6).

The object of religion is to help its followers to work out what is noble and good in their nature. Religion therefore is not only the sum total of belief, but doctrines and tenets which should be translated into action.

A faith without action is a dead letter in Islam and carries no merit in the eyes of Allah.

We have wonderful potentialities reposed in our nature by the hand of God, so the Qur-an teaches ; and the best adoration or thanksgiving to God is to work them out to the benefit of our fellow-beings. We say prayers and glorify God, but if these actions of worship are not attended with any edifying of our­selves, they are of no value in Islam. Creed is of no consequence if unaccompanied by deed. Unless we actualize our asset in nature we are not glorifying Him, because we do not accomplish the grand object of our Creator.

Muhammad says :

  1. The Lord does not regard a prayer in which the heart does not accompany the body.
  2. He whom prayer preventeth not from wrongdoing and evil, increaseth in naught save in remoteness from the Lord.
  3. Adore God as you would if you saw Him ; for if you see Him not, He sees you.
  4. Pray to God morning and evening and employ the day in your avocations. Prayer brings the Faithful into Com­munion with his Cherisher.

“A man’s true wealth hereafter is the good he does in this world to his fellow-men. When he dies, people will say : What property has he left behind him ?

But the angels who examine him will ask : What good deeds hast thou sent before thee ? ” (Muhammad).

 

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The Amazing Quran II

by Dr. Gary Miller

Honey

Another example of what one might expect to find in an “old book” that touches upon the subject of health or medicine is outdated remedies or cures. Various historical sources state that the Prophet (s) gave some advice about health and hygiene, yet most of these pieces of advice are not contained in the Quran. At first glance, to the non-Muslims this appears to be anegligent omission. They cannot understand why Allah would not “include” such helpful information in the Quran. Some Muslims attempt to explain this absence with the following argument: “Although the Prophet’s advice was sound and applicable to the time in which he lived, Allah, in His infinite wisdom, knew that there would come later medical and scientific advances which would make the Prophet’s advice appear outdated. When later discoveries occurred, people might say that such information contradicted that which the Prophet (s) had given. Thus, since Allah would never allow any opportunity for the non-Muslims to claim that the Quran contradicts itself or the teachings of the Prophet (s), He only included in the Quran information and examples which could stand the test of time.” However, when one examines the true realities of the Quran in terms of its existence as a divine revelation, the entire matter is quickly brought into its proper perspective, and the error in such argumentation becomes clear and understandable.

It must be understood that the Quran is a divine revelation, and as such, all information in it is of divine origin. Allah revealed the Quran from Himself. It is the words of Allah, which existed before creation, and thus nothing can be added, subtracted or altered. In essence, the Quran existed and was complete before the creation of Prophet Muhammad (s), so it could not possibly contain any of the Prophet’s own words or advice. An inclusion of such information would clearly contradict the purpose for which the Quran exists, compromise its authority and render it inauthentic as a divine revelation.

Consequently, there was no “home remedies” in the Quran which one could claim to be outdated; nor does it contain any man’s view about what is beneficial to health, what food is best to eat, or what will cure this or that disease. In fact, the Quran only mentions one item dealing with medical treatment, and it is not in dispute by anyone. It states that in honey there is healing. And certainly, I do not think that there is anyone who will argue with that!

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who regrets his or her mistake, right after do good deeds, and will try not to make the same mistake twice

And [recall] when Moses said to his people, “O my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by your taking of the calf [for worship]. So repent to your Creator and kill yourselves. That is best for [all of] you in the sight of your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance; indeed, He is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. [2:54]


Indeed, those who conceal what We sent down of clear proofs and guidance after We made it clear for the people in the Scripture – those are cursed by Allah and cursed by those who curse. [2:159]

 

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Being kind to neighbours

‘A’isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

Jibril (Gabriel) may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kept on recommending that I treat neighbours well until I thought that he would order me to treat them as my heirs.

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 101]

*

Abu Shurayh al-Khuza’i reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should be good to his neighbours. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should be generous to his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should be say what is good or be silent.

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 102]

*

Mujahid reported that a sheep was slaughtered for ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr. He asked his slave, ‘Have you given any to our Jewish neighbour? Have you given any to our Jewish neighbour? I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Jibril kept on recommending that I treat my neighbours well until I thought that he would order me to treat them as my heirs.’”

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 105]

*

Ibn ‘Abbas told Ibn az-Zubayr, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say:

‘A man is not a believer who fills his stomach while his neighbour is hungry.'”

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 112]

*

‘Amr ibn Mu’adh al-Ashhali reported that his grandmother said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

‘Believing women! Do not let any of you women disdain her female neighbour’s gift, even if it is only a burnt sheep’s hoof.'”

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 122]

 

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The Amazing Quran I

by Dr. Gary Miller

Introduction

One thing which surprises non-Muslims who are examining the book very closely is that the Quran does not appear to them to be what they expected. What they assume is that they have an old book which came fourteen centuries ago from the Arabian desert; and they expect that the book should look something like that – an old book from the desert. And then they find out that it does not resemble what they expected at all. Additionally, one of the first things that some people assume is that because it is an old book which comes from the desert, it should talk about the desert. Well the Quran does talk about the desert – some of its imagery describes the desert; but it also talks about the sea – what it’s like to be in a storm on the sea.

Merchant Marine

Some years ago, the story came to us in Toronto about a man who was in the merchant marine and made his living on the sea. A Muslim gave him a translation of the Quran to read. The merchant marine knew nothing about the history of Islam but was interested in reading the Quran. When he finished reading it, he brought it back to the Muslim and asked, “This Muhammad, was he a sailor?” He was impressed at how accurately the Quran describes a storm on a sea. When he was told, “No as a matter of fact, Muhammad lived in the desert”, that was enough for him. He embraced Islam on the spot. He was so impressed with the Quran’s description because he had been in a storm on the sea, and he knew that whoever had written that description had also been in a storm on the sea. The description of “a wave, over it a wave, over it clouds” (Surah Nur, 24:40) was not what someone imagining a storm on a sea to be like would have written; rather, it was written bysomeone who knew what a storm on the sea was like. This is one example of how the Quran is not tied to certain place and time. Certainly, the scientific ideas expressed in it also do not seem to originate from the desert fourteen centuries ago.

The Smallest Thing

Many centuries before the onset of Muhammad’s prophethood, there was a well-known theory of atomism advanced by the Greek philosopher, Democritus. He and the people who came after him assumed that matter consists of tiny, indestructible, indivisible particles called atoms. The Arabs too, used to deal in the same concept; in fact, the Arabic word dharrah commonly referred to the smallest particle known to man. Now, modern science has discovered that this smallest unit of matter (i.e., the atom, which has all of the same properties as its element) can be split into its component parts. This is a new idea, a development of the last century; yet; interestingly enough, this information had already been documented in the Quran (Surah Saba’, 34:3) which states:

“He [i.e., Allah] is aware of an atom’s weight in the heavens and on the earth and even anything smaller than that…”

Undoubtedly, fourteen centuries ago that statement would have looked unusual, even to an Arab. For him, the dharrah was the smallest thing there was. Indeed, this is proof, that the Quran is not outdated.

 

 

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Qur’anic Verses about the Importance of Kinship

And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully. [17:26]

*

Those who join that which Allah has commanded to be joined (i.e. they are good to their relatives and do not sever the bond of kinship), fear their Lord, and dread the terrible reckoning (i.e. abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden and perform all kinds of good deeds which Allah has ordained). [13:21]

*

O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you. [4:1]

*

Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful. [4:36]

*

Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded. [16:90]

 

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Maintaining ties of Kinship

Abu Ayyub al-Ansari told that a bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was travelling. He asked:

“Tell me what will bring me near to the Garden and keep me far from the Fire.”

He replied:

Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him, perform the prayer, pay zakat, and maintain ties of kinship.

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 49]

*

Abdu’r-Rahman ibn ‘Awf heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say:

“Allah, the Almighty and Exalted, said:

I am the Merciful (ar-Rahman). I have created ties of kinship and derives a name for it from My Name. If anyone maintains ties of kinship, I maintain connection with him, and I shall cut off anyone who cuts them off.‘”

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 53]

*

Abu Hurayra heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say;

Anyone who wants to have his provision expanded and his term of life lengthened should maintain ties of kinship.

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 57]

*

It is reported that al-Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say:

Allah enjoins you to be dutiful to your mothers. Then He enjoins you to be dutiful to your mothers. Then He enjoins you to be dutiful to your fathers. Then He enjoins you to be dutiful to your next closest relative and then to your next closest relative.

[Adab al-Mufrad, Bukhari, Hadith 60]

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The Story of Dimam bin Tha’labah

It is reported on the authority of Anas  b. Malik that he said:

We were forbidden that we should ask anything (without the genuine need) from the Holy Prophet. It, therefore, pleased us that an intelligent person from the dwellers of the desert should come and asked him (the Holy Prophet) and we should listen to it.

A man from the dwellers of the desert came (to the Holy Prophet) and said:

“Muhammad, your messenger came to us and told us your assertion that verily Allah had sent you (as a prophet).”

The Holy Prophet remarked:

“He told the truth.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“Who created the heaven?”

He (the Holy Prophet) replied:

“Allah.”

He (the bedouin again) said:

“Who raised these mountains and who created in them whatever is created there?”

He (the Holy Prophet) replied:

“Allah.”

Upon this he (the bedouin) remarked:

“By Him Who created the heaven and created the earth and raised mountains thereupon, has Allah in fact sent you?”

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“Yes.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“Your messenger also told us that five prayers (had been made) obligatory for us during the day and the night.”

He (the Holy Prophet) remarked:

“He told you the truth.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“By Him Who sent you, is it Allah Who ordered you about this (i.e. prayers)?

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“Yes.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“Your messenger told us that Zakat had been made obligatory in our riches.”

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“He has told the truth.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“By Him Who sent you as a prophet, is it Allah Who ordered you about it (zakat)?”

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“Yes.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“Your messenger told us that it had been made obligatory for us to fast every year during the month of Ramadan.”

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“He has told the truth.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“By Him Who sent you as a prophet, is it Allah Who ordered you about it (the fasts of Ramadan)?”

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“Yes.”

He (the bedouin) said:

“Your messenger also told us that pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House of Ka’bah had been made obligatory for him who is able to undertake the journey to it.”

He (the Holy Prophet) said:

“Yes.”

The narrator said that he (the bedouin) set off (at the conclusion of this answer, but at the time of his departure) remarked:

“By Him Who sent you with the Truth, I would neither make any addition to them nor would I diminish anything out of them.”

Upon this, the Holy Prophet remarked:

“If he were true (so what he said) he must enter Paradise.”

[Muslim, The Book of Faith, Hadith 9]

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Things to Ponver Over V

“Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? And at the heaven, how it is raised? And at the mountains, how they are rooted? And at the earth, how it is outspread?” [88:17-21]

Do they not look at the camels, how they are created. Indeed, it is an amazing creation, and the way it has been fashioned is strange. For it is extremely powerful and strong, yet gentle, carrying heavy loads. It allows itself to be guided by a weak rider. It is eaten, benefit is derived from its hair, and its milk is drunk. They are reminded of this because the most common domestic animal of the Arabs was the camel.

Then Allah says, And at the mountains, how they are rooted. Meaning, how they have been erected. For indeed they are firmly affixed so that the earth does not sway with its dwellers. And He made them with the benefits and minerals they contain.

And at the earth, how it is outspread. Meaning, how it has been spread out, extended and made smooth.

Thus, He directs the bedouin (the people of the desert) to consider what he himself witnesses. His camel that he rides upon, the sky that is above his head, the mountain that faces him, and the earth that is under him; all of this is proof of the power of the Creator and Maker of these things. These things should lead him to see that He is the Lord, the Most Great, the Creator, the Owner, and the Controller of everything. Therefore, He is the God other than Whom none deserves to be worshipped.

Reference: Tafseer Ibn Kathir

 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who strive to rectify his or her bad deeds

Bakara, 160

“Except for those who repent and correct themselves and make evident (what they concealed). Those – I will accept their repentance, and I am the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.”

Nisa, 146

“Except for those who repent, correct themselves, hold fast to Allah, and are sincere in their religion for Allah, for those will be with the believers. And Allah is going to give the believers a great reward.”

Necm, 32

“Those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, only (committing) slight ones. Indeed, your Lord is vast in forgiveness. He was most knowing of you when He produced you from the earth and when you were fetuses in the wombs of your mothers. So do not claim yourselves to be pure; He is most knowing of who fears Him.”

 

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“Human User Manual”

“O mankind! There has to come to you instruction from your Lord and healing for what is in the breasts and guidance and mercy for the believers.” [10:57]

“… It is, for those who believe, a guidance and cure…” [41:44]

“… the Quran, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion…” [2:185]

“Indeed, this Quran guides to that which is most suitable and gives good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a great reward.” [17:9]

“This (Quran) is enlightenment for mankind and guidance and mercy for a people who are certain (in faith).” [45:20]

“We have not sent down to you the Quran that you be distressed. But only as a reminder for those who fear Allah.” [20:2-3]

“These are verses of the wise Book, as guidance and mercy for the doers of good.” [31:2-3]

“… And We have sent down to you the Book as clarification for all things and as guidance and mercy and good tidings for the Muslims.” [16:89]

“Say, (O Muhammad), The Pure Spirit has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.” [16:102]

“And We have certainly made the Quran easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?” [54:17]

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Being Merciful

 

Jarir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

Allah will not show mercy to a person who does not show mercy to other people.”

[Adab al-Mufred, 375]

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “He who does not show mercy to our young or show esteem for our elders is not one of us.”

[Bukhari, 360]

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “He who is not merciful to others, will not be treated mercifully.”

[Bukhari, 8/42]

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: “One day a man became very thirsty while walking down the road. He came across a well, went down into it, and drank and then climbed out. In front of him he found a dog panting, eating the dust out of thirst. The man said: “This dog is as thirsty as I was.” He went down back into the well and filled his show, putting it into his mouth (in order to climb back up) and then gave the dog water. Therefore Allah thanked him and forgave him.”

They said: “Messenger of Allah, will we have a reward on account of animals?”

He said: “There is a reward on account of every living thing.”

[Adab al-Mufred, 378]

Abu Umama reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: “Anyone who shows mercy, even to an animal meant for slaughtering, will be shown mercy by Allah on the Day of Rising.”

[Adab al-Mufred, 381]

 

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Things to Ponder Over IV

“Allah is He Who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down water (rain) from the sky, and thereby brought forth fruits as provision for you; and He has made the ships to be of service to you, that they may sail through the sea by His command; and He has made rivers (also) to be service to you.

And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, to be of service to you; and He has made the night and the day to be of service to you.

And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you try to count the blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them. Verily, man is indeed an extreme wrongdoer, ungrateful.” [14:32-34]

Allah mentions some of the favors He has done for His creatures, such as creating the heavens as a protective ceiling and the earth as a bed. He also sends down rain from the sky and, in its aftermath brings forth a variety of vegetation, fruits and plants of different colors, shapes, tastes, scents and uses. Allah also made the ships sail on the surface of the water by His command and He made the sea able to carry these ships in order that travelers can transfer from one area to another to transport goods. Allah also created the rivers that flow through the earth from one area to another as provision for the servants which they use to dring and irrigate, and for other benefits.

“And he has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, rotating by night and by day,

“It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day.  They all float, each in an orbit.” [36:40]

“He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His command. His is the creation and commandment. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of all that exists!” [7:54]

The sun and the moon rotate in succession, and the night and the day are opposites, each taking from the length of the other or giving up some of its length,

“Allah merges the night into day and merges the day into night.” [35:13]

“And He has subjected the sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. Verily, He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving.” [39:5]

Allah said next, “And He gave you of all that you asked for,

He has prepared for you all that you need in all conditions, and what you ask Him to provide for you, and if you try to count the blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them. Allah states that the servants are never able to count His blessings, let alone thank Him duly for them.

In Sahih al-Bukhari (hadith book) it is recorded that the Messenger of Allah used to supplicate:

“O Allah! Allah praise is due to You, without being able to sufficiently thank You, nor ever wish to be cutoff from You, nor ever feeling rich from relying on You; our Lord!”

It was reported that Prophet Dawud, peace be upon him, used to say in his supplication:

“O Lord! How can I ever duly thank You, when my thanking You is also a favor from You to me.” Allah the Exalted answered him, “Now, you have thanked Me sufficiently, O Dawud!” Meaning; when you admitted that you will never be able to duly thank me.

Reference: Ibn Kathir

 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not cause corruption

“And when it is said to them, “Do not cause corruption on the earth,” they say, “We are but reformers.” [2:11]

“And [recall] when Moses prayed for water for his people, so We said, “Strike with your staff the stone.” And there gushed forth from it twelve springs, and every people knew its watering place. “Eat and drink from the provision of Allah , and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.” [2:60]

“And when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and animals. And Allah does not like corruption.” [2:205]

 

 

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Honouring Parents

The Words of Allah Almighty:

We have instructed man to honour his parents.” [29:8]

And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.

And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” [17:23-24]

 

* Abu Amr ash-Shaybani said: The owner of this house (and he pointed at the house of Abdullah Ibn Mes’ud) said: “I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which action Allah loves best.”

He replied:

Prayer at its proper time.

“Then what” I asked.

He said:

Then kindness to parents.

I asked: “Then what?”

He replied:

Then jihad in the way of Allah.

He added, “He told me about these things. If I had asked him to tell me more, he would have told me more.”

[Adab al-Mufred, Bukhari, 1]

* Abdullah Ibn Umar said: “The pleasure of the Lord lies in the pleasure of the parent. The anger of the Lord lies in the anger of the parent.”

[Adab al-Mufred, Bukhari, 2]

* Bahz Ibn Hakim’s grandfather said: “I asked, Messenger of Allah, to whom should I be dutiful?”

Your mother” He replied. I asked “Then whom?”

Your mother” He replied. I asked “Then whom?”

Your mother” He replied. I asked “Then whom?”

Your mother” He replied. I asked “Then to whom should I be dutiful?”

Your father” He replied, “and then the next closest relative and then the next.

[Adab al-Mufred, Bukhari, 3]

 

 

 

 

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Believers

“Those who repent, who worship (Him), who praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin good and forbid evil, and who observe the limits set by Allah. And give glad tidings to the believers.” [9:112]

This is the description of the believers from whom Allah has purchased theri souls and wealth, who have these beautiful and honorable qualities.

Who repent from all sins and shun all evils,

Who worship their Lord and preserve the acts of worship that include statements and actions. Praising Allah is among the best statements.

This is why Allah said next; Who praise Him.

Who fast.. Fasting is among the best actions, involving abstaining from the delights of food, drink and sexual intercourse.

As for prostrating and bowing down, they are acts of the prayer,

Who bow down, who prostrate themselves..

Who enjoin goods and forbid evil, and who observe the limits set by Allah.

These believers also benefit Allah’s creation and direct them to His obedience by ordaining righteousness and forbidding evil. They have knowledge about what should be performed and what should be shunned.

This includes abiding by Allah’s limits in knowledge and action, meaning, what He allowed and what He prohibited. Therefore, they worship the True Lord and advise creation.

This is why Allah said next;

And give glad tidings to the believers.

Since faith includes all of this, and the supreme success is for those who have faith.

Reference: Ibn Kathir

 

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Ramadan

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is the most important month of the year for Muslims due to its vast blessings and sanctity by Allah Almighty.

As one of the five pillars of Islam, muslims fast during the month of Ramadan. Fasting means to refrain from eating, drinking and sexual intimacy for a period of time during the day, which starts with dawn and ends with sunset. The Islamic view of fasting is not limited to refraining from eating and drinking but also covers being able to purify our actions. One of the objectives of fasting during Ramadan is to perfect our character and stay away from sinful actions or deeds.

These are some of the verses related to Ramadan and fasting:

O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous. [2:183]

(Fasting for) a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey (during them) then an equal number of days (are to be made up). And upon those who are able (to fast, but with hardship) –a ransom (as substitute) of feeding a poor person (each day). And whoever volunteers excess it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew. [2:184]

The month of Ramadan (is that) in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights (the new moon of) the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey, then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and (wants) for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that (to) which He has guided you; and perrhaps you will be grateful. [2:185]

 

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Good deeds

1- Narrated Abdullah bin Amr:

A person asked Allah’s Apostle: “What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good? He replied:

“To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you don’t know.”

[Buhari, Hadith 2:28]

2- Abu Darr, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Do not belittle any good deed, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face.”

[Riyadu’s-Saliheen, Hadith 121]

3- Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:

Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said: “While a man was walking on his way he became extremely thirsty. He found a well, he went down into it to drink water. Upon leaving it, he saw a dog which was panting out of thirst. His tongue was lolling out and he was eating moist earth from extreme thirst. The man thought to himself: ‘This dog is extremely thirsty as I was.’ So he descended into the well, filled up his leather sock with water, and holding it in his teeth, climbed up and quenched the thirst of the dog. Allah appreciated his action and forgave his sins.”

The companions asked: “Shall we rewarded for showing kindness to the animals also?” He, peace be upon him, said:

“A reward is given in connection with every living creature.”

[Riyadu’s-Saliheen, Hadith 126]

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There is no god, but Allah

As followers of the Ideal Path, we all believe the most obvious and the most important fact/truth of all times, which is the statement “There is no god, but Allah.”

By saying these words, we testify that there is no deity which has the right to be worshipped, but Allah.

If we think about the beliefs of today’s world, we can see that there is great variety of faiths and cults which are embraced by people in different parts of the world. However, we can simply categorize people within three groups in terms of their faiths.

1-       Disbelievers: Who do not have any faith or religion.

2-      Polytheists:   Who believe in or worship multiple deities.

3-      Muslims: Who believe in and worship to only One God, Allah.

We see some characteristics of these three groups in the Qur’an, the last book of Allah, which was revealed to the last prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an:

Regarding the first group;

“But they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among themselves, and the disbelievers say, This is an amazing thing. When we have died and have become dust, (we will return to life?) That is a distant return.” (50: 1-2).

Disbelievers say: “And if you should obey a man like yourselves, indeed, you would then be losers. Does he promise you that when you have died and become dust and bones that you will be brought forth (once more)? How far, how far, is that which you are promised. Life is not but our wordly life, we die and live, but we will not be resurrected.” (23:34-37).

Regarding the second group;

“And they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among themselves. And the disbelievers say, This is a magician and a liar. Has he made the gods (only) one God? Indeed, this is a curious thing.” (38:4-5).

“And they worship besides Allah that which does not possess for them (the power of) provision from the heavens and the earth at all, and (in fact), they are unable.” (16:23).

“(Or) of those who have divided their religion and become sects, every faction rejoicing in what it has.” (30:32).

“But they have attributed to Him from His servants a portion. Indeed, man is clearly ungrateful.” (43:15).

“They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah, and (also) the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.” (9:31).

In fact, these two groups can also be seen as one group because they have one common characteristic: They do not truly recognize Allah, the One and Only God.

Regarding the third group;

“It is You we worship and You we ask for help.” (1:5).

“They say, ‘Be Jews or Christians (so) you will be guided.’ Say, ‘Rather (we follow) the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth, and he was not of the polytheists.’

Say, (O believers), ‘We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims (in submission) to Him.” (2:135-136).

“Allah, there is no deity except Him. And upon Allah let the believers rely.” (64:13).

“So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. (Adhere to) the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created (all) people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct  religion, but most of the people do not know.” (30:30).

These last verses reflect the faith of muslims (or the followers of the Ideal Path), which is based on tawhid/the oneness of Allah.

We  will elaborate more on the statement of “There is no god, but Allah” and various aspects of atheism and polythesim in coming articles, from different perspectives, by referring to the verses of Allah and the sayings of the last prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

 

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Things to Ponder Over III

“He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. High is He, Exalted above all that they associate as partners with Him.” (16:3)

He has created the heavens and the earth with truth.

Allah tells us about His creation of the upper realm, which is the heavens, and the lower realm, which is the earth, and everything in them. They have been created for a true purpose, not in vain, so that “He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done (i.e punish them in Hell), and reward those who do good, with what is best (i.e Paradise). (53:31)

High is He, Exalted above all that they associate as partners with Him.

He declares Himself to be above the shirk (polytheism) of those who worship others besides Him.

He is independent of His creation, alone with no partner or associate. For this reason, He deserves to be worshipped Alone, without partners.

“He has created man from a Nutfah (sperm-drop), then behold, this same (man) becomes an open opponent.” (16:4)

Allah mentions how man has been created from a Nutfah (sperm-drop), i.e something that is insignificant, weak and has no value. However, when man becomes independent and is able to fend for himself, then he begins to dispute with his Lord, may He be exalted, and disbelieves in Him and fights His Messengers.

But man was created to be a servant, not an opponent, as Allah says:

“And it is He Who has created man from water, and gave him descendants, and made Him kindred by marriage, and your Lord is capable (of all things). And they worship besides Allah, that which can neither profit them nor harm them; and the disbeliever is ever a helper (of Satan) against his Lord.” (24:54-55)

“Does not man see that We have created him from Nutfah. Yet, behold he stands as an open opponent. And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation. He says: Who will give life to these bones after they are rotten  and have come dust. Say: He will give life to them Who created them the first time! And He is the knower of every creature!” (36:77-79)

Reference: Tafsir Ibn Kathir

 

 

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Islam-Iman-Ihsan


Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab, who said: One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none of us knew him. He walked up and sat down by the prophet. Resting his knees against his and placing the palms of his hands on his thighs, he said: “O Muhammad, tell me about Islam.”

The Messenger of Allah said:

“Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammed is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadhan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so.”

The man said: “You have spoken rightly,” and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that he had spoken rightly. Then he said: “Tell me about Iman (faith).” The Prophet said:

“It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny, both the good and the evil thereof.”

The man said: “You have spoken rightly. Then tell me about Ihsan (spiritual perfection).” The Prophet said:

“It is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you.”

The man said: “Then tell me about the Hour.” The Prophet said:

“The one questioned about it knows no better than the questioner.”

The man said: “Then tell me about its signs.” The Prophet said:

“That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted, naked, destitute herdsman competing in constructing lofty buildings.”

Then he took himself off and I stayed for a time. Then he said:

“O Umar, do you know who the questioner was?”

I said: “Allah and His messenger know best.” He said:

“He was Jibreel (Gabriel), who came to you to teach you your religion.”

[Forty Hadith Nawawi, 2, Narrated by Muslim]

 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not overstep the mark and run riot; does not excessively be delighted or be troubled.

Bakara, 190

“Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors.”

Rum, 36

“And when We let the people taste mercy, they rejoice therein, but if evil afflicts them for what their hands have put forth, immediately they despair.”

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Taking Stock of our “Thinking” Abilities

Allah, when explaining the message revealed in the Quran, repeatedly challenges mankind to “think” and “think deeply”. One wonders how this is different from the “regular thinking” that we engage in on a day to day basis. Our thinking processes enable us to reach conclusions, make decisions, and solve problems constantly. However, a detailed study of the Quran reveals that these terms allude to a more rigorous form of thinking, which in today’s terms can be equated to “critical thinking”.

The difference between the two forms of thinking – regular thinking and critical thinking – is quite profound. For the purpose of our understanding, let’s consider one of the definitions provided by The Foundation for Critical Thinking: “Critical thinking is that mode of thinking – about any subject, content, or problem – in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them.” It further states that “criticalthinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way.

Quran advocates this level of “thinking” because, naturally, superficial thinking alone isn’t enough to cut through the beliefs and faiths that people have held onto for centuries. As “thinking deeply” allows people to question their internal biases and notice patterns that otherwise they may not be able to see, such thinking has allowed many over hundreds of years to understand Quran’s divine message and accordingly, to reconstruct their belief patterns and come into the fold of Islam.

Quranic verses expand on this form of “thinking” throughout by asking mankind to observe, seek knowledge, reflect, and ask questionsand to ultimately connect the dots by using the faculties of human reason. Other similar terms used in the Quran in various contexts can best be translated as “to reason”, “reflect”, “ponder”, etc. Understandably so, a cursory and superficial study of the Quran (e.g. merely relying on translations) carries the risk of the divine message being misunderstood and misrepresented, something that unfortunately seems to be quite common today.

The following are some of the examples (parts of verses) where Allah has mentioned the use of reason and thinking in various contexts.

  • Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who think. (16:69)
  • Do they not think deeply (in their own selves) about themselves (how Allah created them from nothing, and similarly He will resurrect them)?…….(30:8)
  • …. so that their hearts (and minds) may thus use reason… [22:46]
  • …in all this] there are messages/signs indeed for people who use their reason. [2:164]
  • Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth…..(3:191)
  • ……….. So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect. (7:176)
  • Do they not reflect? There is no madness in their companion (Muhammad). He is but a plain warner. (7:184)
  • …. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect. (59:21)

It is well known that critical thinking skills have to be learned. There is also abundant research highlighting that learning in today’s world is mostly information-oriented and based on providing ready-made answers rather than challenging people to think creatively and critically to help them understand issues better, decide intelligently, and resolve problems. Even in a technologically advanced country such as the US, a study (documented in a book called Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses) shows that a relatively high percentage of students demonstrated no significant improvement in their critical thinking and reasoning skills as they graduated and entered adult life.

Sadly enough, a considerable percentage of us probably fall in that category as well.

When you are not thinking critically, your understanding of the issues is usually muddled and vague. You are more prone to jump to conclusions based on limited information. Your decisions aren’t expected to be sound because you haven’t taken the time to consider alternatives and compare options. You are driven more by various biases and emotions, rather than being open minded and listen with an attentive ear. Such thinking habits unfortunately can lead you to make the wrong decisions (or no decisions at all) and sap away your problem solving abilities, thus increasing your life’s inventory of problems.

On the contrary, thinking critically can bring order to your thinking processes. When you force yourself to define the issues and problems clearly, you can select better approaches to resolve them. Gaining more knowledge can help you get a better view of the landscape that you are facing. Asking the right questionscan help you disentangle from the problems faster. Generating alternatives and comparing options push you forward toward resolution of your problems. Applying sound logic and reasonhelps in bridging the gaps in your thinking. All in all, taking the needed time to go through the rigors of “thinking” can help you draw warranted conclusions, render accurate judgments and arrive at sound decisions.

Even if you don’t find solutions to your issues, you would have at least maximized your mind power to contribute toward your well being.

Finally, let’s not forget that if Allah challenged the non-believers to employ the faculties of human reason and thinking to help them get over their beliefs they have held for centuries – something that is not just sacrosanct but also one of the most difficult things to overcome – we too, then, can use those mental faculties to get over any of the problems that we face in our daily lives.

The IqraSense.com Blogger

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who never be desperate, but be patient and steady

“And seek help through patience and prayer, and indeed, it is difficult except for the humbly submissive [to Allah]” [2:45]

“They said, “We have given you good tidings in truth, so do not be of the despairing.” [15:55]

 

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The right of Allah over His bondsmen


It is narrated on the authority of Mu’adh b. Jabal that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: “Mu’adh, do you know the right of Allah over His bondsmen?”

Mu’adh said: “Allah and His Apostle know best.”

The Messenger of Allah said: “That Allah alone should be worshipped and nothing should be associated with Him.”

The Holy Prophet said: “What right have they (bondsmen) upon Him in case they do it?”

He (Mu’adh) said: “Allah and His Apostle know best.”

The Holy Prophet said: “That He would not punish them.”

[Muslim, Hadith 48]


 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not hinder goodness, but clear the way for it

“Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.” [2:177]

 

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Having the sweetness of faith

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet, peace be upon Him, said:

“Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith:

1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything else.

2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.

3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire.”

[Buhari, Hadith 16]

 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who wishes to spread kindness

“You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and believe in Allah. If only the People of the Scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers, but most of them are defiantly disobedient.” [3:110]

“They are not [all] the same; among the People of the Scripture is a community standing [in obedience], reciting the verses of Allah during periods of the night and prostrating [in prayer].” [3:113]

“They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and they enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and hasten to good deeds. And those are among the righteous.” [3:114]

 

 

 

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Things to Ponder Over II

“Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven Al-Buruj, and has placed therein a great lamp, and a moon giving light. And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession, for such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude.” (25:61-62)

Here Allah, the creator of heaven and earth, glorifies Himself and praises the beauty He created in the heavens of Al-Buruj, the giant stars. This is like the ayah-verse “And indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps” (67:5).

Allah says : Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven Al-Buruj, and has placed therein a great lamp which is the sun which shines like a lamp, as Allah said:

“And we have made (therein) a shining lamp.” (78:13).

And a moon giving light means, shining and illuminated by the light of something else, different from the light of the sun, as Allah said: “It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light.” (10:5).

And Allah tells us that –the prophet- Nuh, peace be upon Him, said to his people: “See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another and has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp.” (71:15-16).

Then Allah says: And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession meaning, each one comes after the other, in a never-ending alternation. When one goes the other comes, and vice versa, as Allah says: “And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses.” (14:33).

“He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly.” (7:54).

“It is not for the sun to overtake the moon.” (36:40).

For such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude. Means, He has caused them both to follow one another to show the times when His servants should worship Him. So whoever misses an act of worhip during the night can make it up during the day, and whoever misses an act of worship during the day can make it up during the night.

It was recorded in a Sahih –sound- Hadith that: “Allah spreads forth His Hand at night for the one who has done evil during the day to repent, and He spreads forth His Hand during the day for the one who has done evil during the night to repent.”

Reference: Tafsir Ibn Kathir

 

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Five Pillars of Islam

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle, peace be upon Him, said:

Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle.

2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.

3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) .

4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)

5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

[Buhari, Hadith 8]

 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not look for supporters in order to do the truth

“Those are the ones whom Allah has guided, so from their guidance take an example. Say, “I ask of you for this message no payment. It is not but a reminder for the worlds.” (6:90)

 

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Three Conditions for a Perfect Faith

By Mohsen Haredy at onislam.net

Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is reported to have said:

“Let whosoever believes in God and in the Last Day either speak good or be silent.

Let whosoever believes in God and in the Last Day honor his neighbor.

Let whosoever believes in God and in the Last Day honor his guest.”

(Al-Bukhari)

In this hadith, the Prophet outlines three conditions for having a perfect faith. We notice here that the Prophet links between believing in God and believing in the Last Day. This is because the Last Day is the day in which a believer will enjoy the fruits of his belief. It is on that day that the benefits of meeting the conditions stipulated in this hadith will be reaped.

Speak Good or Be Silent

Your tongue is a trust from God and therefore it should be properly used. The hadith suggests two good uses of the tongue. Speaking good is one that entails giving advice to people, teaching people, ordaining good, forbidding evil, reading the Quran, mentioning God, … etc.

In another hadith the Prophet even depicts how the tongue could be an important tool for change in society: “Whosoever of you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart; and that is the weakest of faith.” (Muslim)

On the other hand it should be made clear that whosoever speaks bad or does not remain silent is not a believer, meaning that his belief is not perfect, or that he is an ordinary believer who does not ascend to the level of excellence.

And remaining silent should not be understood to mean not to speak the truth to remove injustice or oppression. There are cases which necessitate that one should speak up. When the Prophet was asked what kind of jihad is best? He, peace be upon him, replied: “A word of truth spoken in front of an oppressive ruler.” (Al-Nasa’i)

Thus, the original situation is to remain silent. You speak only when you are asked to speak. The Prophet was once asked if we are held accountable for the things we utter. And his answer was: Does anything topple people headlong into the Hellfire save the harvests of their tongues? We, therefore, should abstain from all kinds of evil talk like backbiting, gossip, etc.

Honoring Neighbors

Thie second condition of having a perfect faith is that you should show kindness and hospitality to your neighbors, as Muslims are highly recommended to take care of their neighbors. To that God says: {And worship God [alone], and do not ascribe divinity, in any way, to aught beside Him. And do good unto your parents, and near of kin, and unto orphans, and the needy, and the neighbor from among your own people, and the neighbor who is a stranger, and the friend by your side, and the wayfarer, and those whom you rightfully possess. Verily, God does not love any of those who, full of self-conceit, act in a boastful manner.}(Al-Nisaa’ 4:36)

A true Muslim is the one who shows hospitality to the guest paying him a visit, a sign of respect and appreciation to the guest.

 

A prophetic hadith is to pinpoint this; doing kindness to neighbors: “Gabriel continued to recommend me about treating the neighbors kindly and politely so much so that I thought he would order me to make them as my heirs.” (Al-Bukhari)

Such kindness to neighbors includes sharing their moments of happiness and sorrow, helping them at times of crisis, visiting them, inviting them to our houses, accepting their invitations, giving presents to them, etc. Lady Aisha narrated: “I said, ‘O God’s messenger! I have two neighbors and would like to know to which of them I should give presents.’ He replied, ‘To the one whose door is nearer to you.’ (Al-Bukhari)

Another narration of the hadith suggests not harming neighbors instead of honoring them. This narration is supported by another hadith in which the Prophet observed: “He will not enter Paradise whose neighbor is not secure from his wrongful conduct.”

Protecting neighbours and maintaining their honor and dignity are another aspect of kindness. To the Prophet, Abdullah ibn Masud said:

“O God’s messenger! Which is the biggest sin?”

He said, “To set up rivals to God by worshipping others though He alone has created you.”

I asked, “What is next?”

He said, “To kill your child lest it should share your food.”

I asked, “What is next?”

He said, “To commit illegal sexual intercourse with the wife of your neighbor.” (Al-Bukhari)

Honoring Guests

A third and last condition pertaining to believing in God and the Last Day is to honor the guest, as a true Muslim is the one who shows hospitality to those who visit him, a sign of respect, generosity and appreciation to the guest. And hospitality, it is not limited to serving them food and drinks; rather it is more than that; making them feel welcomed and not in any way a source of trouble or inconvenience.

The Prophet is reported to have said: “…. your guest has a right on…” (Al-Bukhari)

And on that point, after receiving the first revelation, the Prophet went home and told his wife, Lady Khadija (may God be pleased with her):

“I fear that something may happen to me.”

Khadijah said, ‘Never! But have the glad tidings, for by God, He will never disgrace you as you keep good reactions with your kith and kin, speak the truth, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guest generously and assist the deserving, calamity-afflicted ones.” (Al-Bukhari)

Honoring guest was one the Prophet’s many noble characters.

 

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One requirement for being faithful

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet, peace be upon Him, said:

“None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.”

[Buhari, Hadith 13]

 

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not enforce his or her opinions/truths to others, but give advice in the best way.

“Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids    immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you  will be reminded.” [16:90]

“Or [consider such an example] as the one who passed by a township which had  fallen into ruin. He said, “How will Allah bring this to life after its death?” So Allah  caused him to die for a hundred years; then He revived him. He said, “How long  have you remained?” The man said, “I have remained a day or part of a day.” He said, “Rather, you have remained one hundred years. Look at your food and your drink; it has not changed with time. And look at your donkey; and We will make you a sign for the people. And look at the bones [of this donkey] – how We raise them and then We cover them with flesh.” And when it became clear to him, he said, “I know that Allah is over all things competent.”  [2:259]

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Who is the follower of Ideal Path?

The one who does not narrate / pursue / wish the things that he or she does not have knowledge about it.

“Here you are – those who have argued about that of which you have (some) knowledge, but why do you argue about that of which you have no knowledge? And Allah knows, while you know not.”   [3:66]

“He said: O Noah, indeed he is not of your family; indeed he is (one whose) work was other than righteous, so ask Me not for that about which you have no knowledge. Indeed, I advise you, lest you be among the ignorant.”  [11:46]

 

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Faith has over seventy branches

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon Him, said:

Faith has over seventy branches or over sixty branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is no god but Allah, and the humblest of which is the, removal of what is injurious from the path: and modesty is the branch of faith.

[Muslim, Hadith 56]

 

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Things to Ponder Over

 

“Verily, in the creation of heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs) for people of understanding.” (2:164)

 

Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth…,

Therefore, the sky, with its height, intricate design, vastness, the heavenly objects in orbit, and this earth, with its density, its lowlands, mountains, seas, deserts, valleys, and other structures, and beneficial things that it has.

… and in the alternation of night and day,

This (the night) comes and then goes followed by the other (the day) which does not delay even an instant, just as Allah said: “It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.” (36:40) Sometimes the day grows shorter and sometimes vice versa; one takes from the length of the other. Similarly Allah said: “Allah merges the night into the day, and He merges the day into the night.” (57:6)

…and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind,

Shaping the sea in this manner, so that it is able to carry ships from one shore to another, so people benefit from what the other region has, and export what the they have to them and vice versa.

…and the water which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death,

which is similar to Allah’s statement: “And a sign for them is the dead land. We give it life, and We bring forth from its grains, so that they eat thereof.” (36:33)

…and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein,

Meaning; in various shapes, colors, uses and sizes, whether small or large. Allah knows all that, sustains it, and nothing is concealed from Him. Similarly Allah said: “And no moving (living) creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposits (in the uterus or grave). All is in a Clear Book (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz- the Book of Decrees with Allah). (11:6)

…and in the veering of winds,

Sometimes, the wind brings mercy and sometimes torment. Sometimes, it brings the good news of the clouds that follow it, sometimes it leads to clouds, herding them, scattering them or directing them. Sometimes, the wind comes from the north, and sometimes from the south, sometimes from the east…

…and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth.

The clouds run between the sky and the earth to wherever Allah wills of lands and areas.

…are indeed ayat for people of understanding.

Meaning all these things are clear signs that testify to Allah’s Oneness.


Reference: Tafsir Ibn Kasir